Hawaiian Tattoo Designs, Meanings, and History
Hawaii-inspired designs are a mainstay in tattoo culture. As you will learn, there are a variety of different symbols and elements associated with the beautiful culture of Hawaii. Traditional Hawaiian tattoos come from the culture and heritage of tribes who have lived on the islands for generations, but there are also Hawaii-inspired sailor tattoos that artists including Sailor Jerry introduced in the early 20th century.
In this article, we will review the history of Hawaiian tattoos. Also, we will discuss their meanings and view examples. In the end, we hope that you are able to find inspiration for your own tattoo.
Ancient Hawaiian Tattoos
When it comes to beautiful and symbolic tattoos from the Pacific, the Hawaiian tattoo style is a popular choice. Traditional styles used geometric patterns and symmetric designs in black ink to mark religious devotion, rites of passage, bravery in war, status, ranks, and heritage.
Western culture and the passage of time have since influenced these designs, introducing color and representational images of native elements such as tropical flowers, lizards, dolphins, shells, sharks, arrows, and turtles. In current tattoo designs, you will find a variety of these symbols associated with Hawaiian tattoos.
One of the most popular designs in Hawaii is the hibiscus flower tattoo. The flower is symbolic to the women of Hawaii, and is actually the state flower.
Ancient Hawaiians referred to the art of tattooing as "kakau." They would actually cut the skin open and pour tattoo ink, made mainly of ash and soot, inside the cut. Once the cut healed, the ash and soot would appear as a black pigment. During those times, black was the only color that was available, so all tattoos were done in traditional black ink. As you can imagine, this tattoo process was extremely painful.
Ancient Hawaiians practiced the same tattooing style that the Maori culture used. Men and women both would get tattoos. However, men would typically get more, covering their entire bodies with ink patterns, from head to toe. Every one of their tattoos would be symbolic and hold deep meaning. Together, they told the person's life story, including their rank and where they had been. Although women didn't get full-body tattoos, they had their fair share of them. These tattoos were just as symbolic as men's, and they were used for the same purposes.
Today, people still get ancient- and modern-style Hawaiian tattoos for symbolic purposes. Some get the tattoos to represent the Hawaiian tradition and heritage. The designs can contain representations of elements from the past or present, as well as of a specific island or the state of Hawaii. Others get these tattoos simply for their beauty.
Designs, Symbols, and Meanings
The reason anyone chooses a specific tattoo is very personal, but the following is what common elements of Hawaiian tattoos typically represent.
- Gecko: The gecko is a favorite design, because the animal was believed to have supernatural powers. It's believed the it was feared by many, and the green gecko was thought to bring illness and bad fortune to whomever comes in contact with it.
- Sharks: The shark is a powerful creature considered sacred by the ancients. As a tattoo, it is also a symbol of protection for the wearer.
- Tiki: Tiki is believed to be the first human being, the mythical ancestor of humans. Tiki is able to smell danger because of its great sense of smell.
- Shells: The shell is a symbol of prosperity and wealth. In ancient times, shells were often used as a form of currency.
- Sea Turtle: The sea turtle is a symbol of long life. Sea turtles can live to be over a hundred years old. They also represent fertility.
Tropical flowers are also associated with Hawaiian tattoo designs and have symbolic meanings. Here are a few:
- Orchid: The orchid is a beautiful native flower that represents love, beauty, luxury, and magnificence. Those who choose the orchid tattoo are thought to be unique, free spirited, and mysterious.
- Anthurium: The anthurium is a red flower symbolizing hospitality, kindness, and friendship.
- Hibiscus: As previously mentioned, the hibiscus is one of the most popular flower designs. It is associated with the summer and fun. The hibiscus flower is fragile and has a short life. It comes in a variety of different colors such as red, blue, pink, orange, and yellow. It can represent delicate beauty.
Other common choices include:
- Hula dancers: Hula is a dance that's part of Hawaii's cultural heritage.
- Leis: These garlands of bright tropical flowers are often given to visitors.
- Volcanoes: Volcanoes and other tropical landscape designs symbolize Hawaiian elements.