Hannya Mask Tattoo Designs, Meanings, and Ideas

Updated on January 29, 2016
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Richard Hale is a tattoo enthusiast who studies and researches tattoo symbolism, meanings, and history.

Hannya Mask History and Designs

Hannya masks are very popular in Japan, having been a prominent symbol in Japanese culture for centuries. Over the years, it has spread in popularity and outside of Japan, and is now known around the world.

  • The word hannya itself is the Sino-Japanese word for praina, which represents wisdom and knowledge
  • Hannya masks depict a woman so overcome with envy and vengeance that she takes on the form of a demon overcome with jealousy and anger. Although she has demonic characteristics, a few human traits still remain.
  • These masks are commonly used in Shinto ceremonial practices and used in traditional Japanese theatre,known as Noh Kabuki or Noh theater. The plays will depicts acts based on folk stories that date back centuries, some as far back as the 14 century.
  • The mask is also used in kyōgen Japanese plays, as well as in Shinto ritual kagura dances.
  • It can come in neutral, bland colors or very vibrant, bold colors. If it uses more extreme colors, this portrays a deeper emotion of violence in that character.
  • Her spiked horns and fang-like teeth are always prominent, as well as her stoned cold gleaming eyes.
  • This design also often portrays an expression of guilt and suffering.
  • Tattoo artists have put their own creative twist on this design, often straying from traditional characteristics.

Learn more about this unique design below.

An 18th century hannya mask.
An 18th century hannya mask. | Source
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This design can be done in a variety of different styles and variations.

  • It may be designed with extreme colors to portray the extreme emotions of the character.
  • It can also be done in black and gray inks, as well as green, blue, purple, red, pink, or orange ink.
  • Specific characteristics that are usually always portrayed with the mask. As mentioned above, the hannya mask portrays fang-like teeth, horns, gleaming painful eyes, strands of hair, and a look of sorrow and anger upon her face. These characteristics have been altered however, and other non-traditional ones can contain different elements.
  • The tattoo can be just the mask alone or it may be portrayed with associated elements and symbols. If you want to keep it traditional, consider adding koi fish, waves, dragons, wind, or cherry blossoms. Japanese characters, such as Kanji characters, may be another option. Some men and women may also choose to add their own theme.
  • This is a great design to work into a full-sleeve Japanese-themed tattoo design. For example, samurai are another option you may wish to apply to your Japanese theme.

Click thumbnail to view full-size


Here are some more common meanings of the hannya tattoo:

  • Wisdom
  • Vengeance
  • Evil
  • Anger
  • Suffering
  • Jealousy
  • Torment

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Click thumbnail to view full-size

Would You Consider Getting A Hannya Tattoo Design?

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    • profile image

      Al 12 months ago

      I already got my Hannya tattoo on my forearm.

    • profile image

      Ian Stone 3 years ago

      Nice article, I'm actually thinking of getting my own hannya mask tattoo in the next few weeks! Love the colours in them. Mine won't have a meaning as such (I get tattoos because I like the design usually not for a specific meaning) this one I'm thinking about will be a cover-up of an old tattoo from about 10 or so years ago!

    • thelyricwriter profile image

      Richard Ricky Hale 4 years ago from West Virginia

      @Kim, thanks for the visit, comment, and votes:) LOL, it's amazing, it really is. Who would have thought that the hannya mask would become so popular as body art? Great comment and point Kim, take care:)

      @Teaches, thank you very much. They can be quite graphic, but appreciative of cultural influence. The term "hannya" is a Sino-Japanese word for prajna, which represents wisdom. I'm glad to enjoy learning about them Teaches, I feel the same about your articles. Take care.

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 4 years ago

      I can see the symbolism on most of the meanings, except for wisdom. I would see these as scary. However, I do get the fact that they are cultural expressions. I Always enjoy your educational posts.

    • ocfireflies profile image

      ocfireflies 4 years ago from North Carolina

      Gosh I have not thought about Noh theatre since college, and I had no idea that the masks used in these theatric events had transitioned into such out of this world tattoos. VOTED UP ALL THE WAY! I also agree with MsDora, that those who get these tattoos would do well to be able to tell the story as you do.

      Best to you,


    • thelyricwriter profile image

      Richard Ricky Hale 4 years ago from West Virginia

      @Nell, thanks for the comment. Appreciate the vote, LOL:) The colors in the hannya mask are great, very colorful. I believe the hannya tattoo is unique and mysterious, traits that some do seek in a tattoo. Thanks again.

      @MsDora, thanks for the visit. This is a personal goal of mine MsDora because many men and women choose tattoos because they like it at that moment in time. Many still get tattooed without knowing the history, symbolism, and meanings behind their tattoo symbol. We try to stress this in every article because one day, most of them will regret their body ink. You want to get a tattoo that your sure to like decades down the road, a tattoo that represents something symbolic. That's a great point MsDora.

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Weithers 4 years ago from The Caribbean

      Is it safe to assume that tattoo wearers know all this background information about the tattoos they wear? That would be a redeeming feature, if they could tell the story like you do. Very interesting!

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 4 years ago from England

      Well I voted yes, if I had the nerve! lol! love the mask ones, so colorful!

    • thelyricwriter profile image

      Richard Ricky Hale 4 years ago from West Virginia

      @Faith, thanks again:) I love the creative designs of the hannya tattoo. Love the colors and symbols that are included with the hannya also. LOL, perfect description! Thanks again Faith:)

      @Ruby, I can understand, certainly a tattoo symbol for mainly men. As you, I do like the designs and art of the hannya mask tattoo design.

      @Frank, LOL!! You need to get you one Frank, at the least, in your niche, probably a grim reaper tattoo. Yes, love the artwork in hannya tattoos for sure.

    • Frank Atanacio profile image

      Frank Atanacio 4 years ago from Shelton

      I can say I like these... so much color and it looks like a lot of plaining has to go into these flesh arts voted awesome!!!!!

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Fuller 4 years ago from Southern Illinois

      I really can't say that i like these, they are colorful and i'm sure loved by many...Thank you...

    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 4 years ago from southern USA

      Whoa, lyric, these tattoos are off the charts wild! I have never seen such a design ... that second one there is out of this world ...

      Up and more and sharing

      Hugs, Faith Reaper