Japanese Tattoos - Irezumi of the Yakuza
Art: Skin As My Canvas
For the past few years, I've had a fascination with Japanese culture, cartoons, language, and people. It's an entirely different world, one that has a large influence and pull. All things Japanese excite and fascinate me to no end.
I recently came across the word "irezumi," which is just the Japanese word for tattoo. Japanese tattooing has a long history and a distinct style. It's a fascinating tradition. Below, you'll find everything you want to know.
Origination of Irezumi
The Edo period of feudal Japan had a significant effect on the role of tattoos. The tattoo was a symbol of the criminal and was sometimes done on the forehead or wrist. Over time, the mark of the criminal became the tradition of the criminal and so the underground world welcomed such a unique ritual into their lifestyle.
Today, tattoos are still seen as a sign of criminality in Japan, particularly by those of the older generation and in the work place. For many years, traditional Japanese tattoos (horimono) were associated with the yakuza. The yakuza is recognized as Japan's foremost organized criminal group. Many businesses and areas in Japan (sento or onsen, the public bathing areas or bathing areas functioning with a natural hot spring) still disallow customers with tattoos. Ironically, many yakuza and other criminals themselves avoid tattoos for this very reason.
Regardless of all the naysay, traditional irezumi is still done by hidden masters. However, it is very painful, time-consuming, and expensive. A common traditional body suit which covers the arms, back, upper legs, and chest, while leaving an un-tattooed space down the center can take 2 to 10 years of weekly visits to complete and cost in excess of US$30,000. It's also considered dangerous enough that a member of the underground, having grown in repute and having the funds, would brand himself with such a mark to prove his strength. Fever, infection, and, in the worst case, even death can come from such an incredibly daunting tattoo. Therefore, any man who managed to successfully complete his piece was regarded with honor and respect.
If you're interested, would you consider getting a tattoo with this style?
Master of Irezumi
If one is seeking to find a master of this art for either a tattoo or to learn to be this type of tattooist, it is possible. However, the prospective client or student must first find a horishi. This in and of itself can be a difficult task because such individuals are often secretive, and introductions are generally made by hearsay and word-of-mouth only.
If one discovers a master, he would train for many years under him. He (for they are all usually male) might even become a live-in pupil, cleaning, observing, practicing on his own skin, making necessary equipment, mixing inks, and arduously copying designs from his teacher before he is allowed to tattoo anyone. He must become competent and prove his ability by mastering the intricate skills in his chosen craft.
When the student has been deemed worthy enough, he would be given the chance to impress his skills on a prospective customer. There are many different categories of irezumi that a horishi must know to offer a wide array of designs to the liking of his clientele. These range from nature, like cherry blossoms and lotuses, to animals, both natural and mythological (tigers and dragons). Even deities of both positive and negative aspects buddhas and tengu—gods and devils) can be featured.
Once it has been decided what is wanted, an outline will be placed (usually just freehand). This is done in one sitting but may take up to several hours. Over the course of weeks and months and even years, the piece will come to life. Depending on the stamina and resilience of a person (not to mention the cash on hand), they will work on the piece once or twice a week for up to two years or once a month for a lengthly process for up to 10 years.
Regardless of the cost, regardless of the pain, I feel that this is something I will do in my life. It isn't something I have decided to do to "show off." It isn't something I desire to prove to anyone or anything. I will get a full back piece purely for my own sake.