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How to Stretch a Piercing

Jami has been an online writer for several years. Her articles focus on everything from pet maintenance to ear piercings.

Here are what my gauges look like after stretching!

Here are what my gauges look like after stretching!

What Is Stretching?

Stretching (also commonly referred to as gauging) is a form of body modification in which a healed piercing is stretched to accommodate larger jewelry.

What Is Body Modification?

Body modification is the deliberate altering of one's body for any non-medical reason, such as aesthetics, self-expression, religious purposes, cultural purposes (right of passage), etc.

Tapers and plugs, sized 8g (smallest) to 1/2" (largest)

Tapers and plugs, sized 8g (smallest) to 1/2" (largest)

Tapers, size 2g and size 7/16"

Tapers, size 2g and size 7/16"

What Is a Gauge?

A gauge is a jewelry size for smaller piercings

Gauge Sizes

Gauge SizeMillimeters

20g

0.8mm

18g

1.0mm

16g

1.2mm

14g

1.6mm

12g

2.0mm

10g

2.4mm

8g

3.2mm

6g

4.0mm

4g

5.0mm

2g

6.0mm - 6.5mm

0g

8.0mm

00g

9.0mm - 10.0mm

How to Begin Stretching

Smaller jewelry sizes are either measured in gauges or millimeters. Gauge sizes range from 20g to a 00g (or 0.8mm to 10mm), 20g being the smallest and 00g being the largest.

Before you can begin stretching your piercing, it must be fully healed and you need to know what size it is already. Fresh piercings in the earlobes are most commonly either a size 20 gauge or a size 18 gauge.

  • Once a fresh piercing is completely healed, you can begin the stretching process by incrementally increasing the size of the ring or gauge you wear.
  • Replace the current size gauge with another that's one size up.
  • Never skip sizes; doing so can cause permanent damage.
  • Tapers are generally used to stretch a piercing if the gauge is a 00 or smaller.
  • After changing sizes, give your ears a few weeks to adjust.
  • Always make sure a freshly stretched gauge is healed before stretching again.
  • Repeat the process until you reach the desired size.

Plug Sizes

Millimeters Inches

11.0mm

7/16"

12mm - 12.7mm

1/2"

14.0mm

9/16"

16.0mm

5/8"

19.0mm

3/4"

22mm

7/8"

25mm

1"

How to Stretch Past a 00g: The Larger Sizes (Inches)

Once you stretch a piercing past a 00g, you'll begin measuring the stretches in millimeters and inches instead of gauges. For sizes larger than 00g, the best way to stretch is with silicone plugs—at this point, you should no longer use tapers.

Stretching a piercing past the gauge sizes is more difficult and one is more likely to experience a blowout or other damage to the piercing.

Aftercare

Always remember to take care of a freshly stretched piercing. Cleaning the stretched piercing daily will help reduce the chance of infection and will allow the stretch to heal properly and quickly.

There should be no bleeding or pain after a stretch. If you experience this, downsize immediately.

What Is a Blowout?

A piercing blowout is when a piercing is stretched too quickly (again, most commonly in the earlobes) and the fistula (the skin tunnel) is forced out the back of the piercing, causing an unaesthetic “lip” on the edge of the piercing.

How to Heal a Blowout

There are a lot of tips and advice on ways to heal a piercing blowout, but when treating a blowout, the first step is to immediately clean the damaged piercing and downsize to a smaller gauge or size.

After the blowout is cleaned and downsized, do not touch or play with the damaged piercing, except to apply vitamin E oil (and/or clean the affected area). Do not try to stretch until the blowout is healed.

How to Prevent It

Some blowouts never completely heal, so preventing one from happening is best. To prevent this from happening, be careful when stretching: Always stretch a piercing slowly and never skip sizes.

You can also prevent a blowout by always stretching in the shower (the warm water makes the skin more elastic) and/or by using a lubricant (which also makes the skin more elastic). You should always allow the stretched piercing to heal in its own time. Never try to stretch until the previous one has healed.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

Comments

Laura Brown from Barrie, Ontario, Canada on March 21, 2013:

I'm not a piercing fan. Some of it looks nice but some looks too far gone. I've seen stretched ears where the flap of skin is dry and pulled tight. It turns my stomach. The little bit of ear skin left at the edge looks like thin leather about to snap. I can't deal with people who have this - my focus is on their ear rather than what they are trying to tell me. I'm not against body modification, I just don't want to see it when it looks painful or like it's about to require stitches/ surgery to fix it.

Ear stretching seems to be pretty popular. I'm just waiting for it to go to neck stretching next, where they wear more and more metal rings around their throat. I'm sure it will bring back Japanese foot binding too. Someone will need to find a new extreme.