For hundreds of years people all around the world have been intentionally scaring their bodies for a handful of different reasons in an array of different painful practices.
My tattoo artist Frank Lopez and I had a candid talk about what attitudes or practices might make or break a tattoo artist's career. This is a candid interview with one of LA's best tattoo artists.
This article gives a brief introduction to the complex history of body modification. It covers the origins of tattoos, piercings, branding, scarification all the way to today's most extreme forms of body modifications that include surgical implants.