As a tattoo commentator and writer, I rely on my personal experience and time working in a tattoo studio.
It's been a few days since you left the tattoo studio. At first, your new tattoo glistened. Now, it's a totally different story. Your once-beautiful tattoo is covered in scabs, oozing a strange liquid, and is daily becoming more and more distracting and uncomfortable.
Maybe this isn't your first tattoo, but you had no trouble with your other ones. Maybe you didn't bother much with your other two and they turned out fine. So what's going on now?
The fact that you're wondering if your tattoo is infected means there is a high probability it is, or is at least heading that way. You need to take action now or the consequences may not be pretty.
What Are the Symptoms of an Infected Tattoo?
Your new tattoo is essentially an open wound. It is susceptible to infection because it is relatively easy for bacteria to enter the broken skin. Here are the most common symptoms of infection. If you're experiencing any of these, it's time to take action.
It's normal for a new tattoo to swell, but if you find that the swelling increases over three to five days instead of decreasing, or begins to extend past the tattoo a fair distance, there's definitely a problem.
An infection might feel hot to the touch. While it is normal for the tattoo to feel warm, especially for the first two days, it should not feel hot and the heat should not increase. If it's infected, your whole tattoo and the area around it will be very hot to touch, and there will be heat radiating from within the tattoo.
Infected tattoos often have a slimy discharge oozing from them in various places; it may appear as a clear fluid with a golden color, or a thick yellow-green goo that sits within the tattoo. You might also see pus (white, yellow, or green).
Often the discharge from an infected tattoo will have a nasty smell or odor. This a sure-fire sign of infection.
If you're experiencing extreme pain that increases over the 3-5 days, or have sharp, shooting pains from within the tattoo itself, it's likely an infection.
Blistering is a sign of infection, and it can occur on top of the tattoo, manifesting as red, raised sores filled with body fluids. If your skin is bubbly or bright red, then this is a sign of infection.
7. Increased Scab Size
Due to above-normal levels of discharge, the scabs on your tattoo may appear thick and bulbous and have a yellow and green crust. Some light scabbing, however, is normal.
8. Fever and Lethargy
If you have a fever or feel lethargic and these symptoms are unrelated to other illnesses, then it's likely your body is working overtime to fight an infection. Fever is actually one of the surest signs of infection, even if your temperature is only slightly elevated.
9. Redness or Streaking
If your tattoo or the skin around it is extremely red, you likely have an infection. If you see thin red lines radiating from your tattoo, you should go to the doctor immediately as streaking can be an early sign of blood poisoning.
Signs of Tattoo Infection
Swelling increases after two days and extends past the tattoo.
The tattoo feels hot/angry inside and out.
Oozing yellowish-green pus.
The discharge often smells foul.
Increasing or extreme discomfort in the limb and around tattoo.
Raised red bumps filled with liquid.
Increased scab size
Scabs are large due to excess discharge.
Fever and lethargy
This is a sign the body is fighting an infection.
What Do I Do if My Tattoo Is Infected?
If you believe an infection is present, you should get to the doctor as quickly as possible. Your doctor will, in most cases, advise further wound care and prescribe an antibiotic or a steroid for you to use. This could either be in pill or cream form. Along with your doctor's visit, you should do the following:
- Before doing anything, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and warm water and dry on a clean towel or air dry.
- Wash all the excess fluid and pus off the tattoo with warm water. Avoid keeping your tattoo wet for too long, and use an antibacterial wash or soap. Use only your hands to wash and not a cloth.
- Rinse with a gentle saline or salt water solution. Dissolve approximately 1 - 2 tablespoons of salt in about a liter of warm, sterile water (that you have boiled and cooled) and gently rinse.
- Do not scrub at the scabs, but gently wash away foreign particles and extra fluids. Forcing scabs off will almost certainly damage your art.
- Very sparingly, pat dry using a cloth without fluff particles or let it air dry.
- Make sure it dries completely.
- Apply any ointments prescribed by the doctor or pharmacist as directed.
- Wrap your tattoo in specially designed non-stick gauze when the tattoo is in a dirty environment. Also, wrap it when the tattoo wound is moist, when sleeping, and when you're wearing clothes that may rub and irritate.
- Be sure your tattoo gets time to air-dry in a clean place.
- Try to keep your tattoo as dry as possible, except during the treatments your doctor has prescribed for you.
- Protect your tattoo from sunlight as much as possible.
- My New Tattoo Is Swollen, Red and Bruised, Is this Normal?
Experiencing swelling and bruising of your new tattoo, concerned that it's not healing correctly? Information and tips on dealing with the bodies healing process.
What Will Happen to My New Tattoo After the Infection Heals?
The end result for your tattoo depends on how severe the infection is and whether thick scabs, blisters, or sores have appeared. Fading of color or design is the most common result, though in extremely nasty circumstances, the tattoo will develop scar tissue. In rare cases, people have lost limbs due to infected tattoos.
I Looked After My New Tattoo, So Why Did I Still Get An Infection?
There are many reasons that your tattoo may have become infected, in some cases, it's just a case of bad luck. Here are some other common causes of infection:
- Touching the tattoo with dirty hands (usually by accident).
- Using too much aftercare cream and creating a moist environment where bacteria thrive.
- Knocking or hitting your new tattoo and causing wound trauma, or not resting the limb and excessively exercising right after getting inked.
- The presence of other diseases or illnesses can slow healing.
- Fluff from clothing or bed linen, or other foreign bodies like dirt or grime getting into the open tattoo.
- Cross-contamination between other infected fluids can cause infection. Opened and pre-used aftercare creams and ointments can contain bacteria and germs from a prior user.
- A weakened immune system due to excessive drinking, lack of sleep or rest, drugs, or bad diet can lead to infection.
- Low blood flow to the wound can impede healing. This can be caused by excess swelling of the tattoo tissue.
- The artist used contaminated equipment or ink.
Should I Tell My Tattoo Artist If I Develop an Infection?
Your infected tattoo is not the responsibility of the tattoo artist or studio. Technically, the studio was only responsible for what happened while you were being tattooed and they have no obligation to fix or re-do your tattoo.
The only situation in which the artist might have a legal obligation to fix an infected tattoo is when you have proof that you were tattooed in unsanitary conditions and proof that you correctly performed the aftercare recommended by the tattoo artist. But really, would you let them touch you again? A better option might be giving the health department a quick call so you can save another person the stress you're now experiencing.
Why Should I Contact the Studio?
The studio may be able to provide you with information relevant to your healing issue. If you're lucky, they may offer to fix any color distortion or fading for free or at a reduced price.
Contacting them also informs the tattoo artist that you're experiencing a problem. Since you're essentially a walking advertisement for their work, odds are that they want you to look as good as possible. If you never tell them that something's wrong, they won't be able to help fix it.
- I Just Got a New Tattoo, When Can I go Swimming and Get My Tattoo Wet?
If you've recently gotten your tattoo inked and want to know if and when you can get your tattoo wet, you need to read this before you go anywhere near water.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2013 Anne
:) on May 16, 2019:
hi, my tattoo is red and so sore its been a week it has a yellow crust here and there as well as parts of the tattoo looks like the ink is pulling away form the skin like a cut, will nuban and septogard help, and is my tattoo going to be ruined
Kitty on August 17, 2018:
My eyebrows are scabbed and red after microblading
Psyche on June 24, 2018:
What do i do with my two days tattoo it has puss inside.
Rachel on December 28, 2017:
I got my tattoo a year ago and recently it’s been bothering me but tonight I noticed it was bleeding. It hurts to touch but it’s not red or swollen.
Aaa on November 07, 2017:
My tatto is red hot and has a yellow crust on this can anybody help me with advise I had it done on the Friday
Heather on April 17, 2017:
Hi just got a new tattoo 2 days ago and i forgot your not allowed soak it in a bath and now ive spots on my tattoo what does this mean!!!
Sabu123 on January 05, 2016:
I have got new tattoo 4 weeks ago. but i have got redness and itchng around tattoo since the first day but no pain . I visited tattoo artist and he recommended to visit doctor . I am worring about it .
May on September 18, 2015:
I got a small tattoo 3days ago, within minutes the skin was pink and swelling about an inch around the tattoo. I had a larger tattoo last summer that did the same thing but healed fine. I also have very fair skin. This tattoo blisters when i use a&d cream but not without. There is a clear discharge, it doesnt feel very hot, it hasnt gotten worse, i dont feel feverish. Is there a chance im allergic to one of the colors?
Rituparna Biswas from kolkata on June 01, 2015:
Informative article.Planning to get a tattoo.Thanks for the information.
Bbytripz on May 11, 2015:
Idk if my tattoo is infected but i did it by myself
cbs55 on April 02, 2015:
Excellent article. Thank you!
I'm concerned my new tattoo is infected. I've never had a problem with them healing before, but this one is extremely sore after six days and the redness is extending down about 2 inches below the tattoo. My artist is a professional and is extremely clean. I wasn't sure what to do, but I think now after reading this I'll be headed to the doctor today.
Lindsey A S from Delaware on February 06, 2015:
Anne (author) from Hobart, Tasmania ~ Australia.(The little bit broken off the bottom of AUS) on January 14, 2014:
Interesting product. You're right regarding the ingredients being ideal for tattoo healing. It sounds like mother nature makes the best lotions in the end! many thanks for your ideas!
Anne (author) from Hobart, Tasmania ~ Australia.(The little bit broken off the bottom of AUS) on October 01, 2013:
Thankyou very much for your kind words Amethystraven, it came up ok this one! :)
Amethystraven from California on September 30, 2013:
This is an excellent hub. I have tattoos myself and I have never experienced anything as far as an infection. For those that do experience the symptoms you listed as far as infection and something gone horribly wrong, the first thing should definitely be the doctor. I have always used the same organic product with essential oils in it that fight bacteria and infections, and I have never had a problem with my tattoos healing. Always check out who you are getting a tattoo from. Make sure they don't reuse needles and that they always have a sterile environment. If they don't sterilize the environment in front of you, ask them to. They should not get offended. If the tattoo studio is well respected and recommended, then once the tattoo is done it is up to the person who got tattooed to take care of it. The tattoo artist should not be blamed for a person's lack of care once the tattoo is done. Organised Kaos, you give excellent aftercare information as well. I really like this hub. I give it a thumbs up.